Countries worldwide are eager to harness the promises of Artificial Intelligence (AI). As discussions on AI governance gain momentum, we see a substantial gap between the rhetoric and the implementation. One major factor hindering the implementation of AI governance is geopolitics, which may pressure countries to prioritize national competitiveness over safety concerns and discourage cooperation among countries. Geopolitical tensions also have an adverse impact on the AI industry by disrupting the supply chain and forcing companies to navigate fragmented AI regulatory frameworks.
This two-panel seminar aims to shed light on the interactions between geopolitics and the implementation of AI governance. We bring together leading professionals from various countries/regions (e.g., the US, China, Europe) and from different sectors (academia, industry, policy makers, civil society) to better understand the interactions and explore ideas for an implementable global AI governance framework despite geopolitical tensions.
Panel 2: Towards globally consistent AI governance: Cooperation despite geopolitical tensions
Ms Claire Milne is a Visiting Senior Fellow and former Guest Teacher at the LSE, and a Senior Advisor to the OXGS. Claire has had a long and varied career with ICT policy as its central theme. After a spell in British Telecom, from 1989 she became an independent consultant, providing policy and regulatory advice in dozens of countries on all continents. She has also served on several bodies in the UK, including the Internet Watch Foundation, Nominet’s Dispute Resolution Expert Panel, the Internet Commission, and the British Standards Institution’s Consumer and Public Interest Network. In 2015 she was awarded an MBE for services to the telecommunications sector.
Dr Stephen Pattison is Vice President of ARM’s Public Affairs. His focus is London, Brussels, Washington and, increasingly, China. Key issues on which he is working include Internet of Things, Smart Cities, Data Protection, Energy Efficiency, and Security. He also oversees ARM’s Corporate Responsibility Programme. Prior to joining ARM, Stephen was CEO, International Chamber of Commerce UK. He was once a British Diplomat and worked at the British Embassy in Washington, and on UN issues in London, New York and Geneva. He holds a Doctorate from Oxford University and spent a year at Harvard as Fellow in International Affairs at the Weatherhead Center.
Mr Wendell Wallach is the Carnegie/Uehiro Senior Fellow at the Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs (CCEIA) where he founded and co-directs (with Anja Kaspersen) the AI and Equality Initiative. He is also senior advisor to The Hastings Center and a scholar at the Yale University Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics where he chaired Technology and Ethics studies for eleven years. Wallach’s latest book, a primer on ethics and governance of emerging technologies, is entitled, A Dangerous Master: How to keep technology from slipping beyond our control (BASIC Book). In addition, he co-authored (with Colin Allen) Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right From Wrong (OUP). He received the World Technology Award for Ethics in 2014 and for Journalism and Media in 2015, as well as a Fulbright Research Chair at the University of Ottawa in 2015-2016. The World Economic Forum appointed Mr. Wallach co-chair of its Global Future Council on Technology, Values, and Policy for the 2016-2018 term.
Ms Kayla Blomquist is the Co-founder and Director of the Oxford China Policy Lab and currently pursuing a DPhil at the Oxford Internet Institute. Her current work focuses on China’s AI governance strategies as well as the role of third countries’ in US-China technology competition. She was recently a researcher at the University of Oxford China Centre, producing the Oxford China Briefing Book, as well as a fellow at the Centre for Governance of AI. Previously, she worked as a diplomat in the U.S. Mission to China, where she specialized in the governance of emerging technologies, human rights, and improving the use of new technology within government services.
Mr Maxime Ricard is Policy Manager at Allied for Startups, which is a worldwide network of advocacy organisations focused on improving the policy environment for startups, in the European Union and worldwide. He is based in Brussels and manages Allied for Startups’ advocacy work regarding EU policies that affect the startup ecosystem. Amongst those, he primarily covers EU digital policies such as artificial intelligence, liability, and data. Before he joined Allied for Startups, he has worked since 2019 as a consultant in EU public affairs, focusing on digital policies such as artificial intelligence, data, product liability, cybersecurity, consumer policy, intellectual property and content moderation.
Ms Raquel Jorge works as Policy Analyst at Elcano Royal Institute think tank and is responsible for the international affairs and technology policy agenda. She will complement her activity at Elcano with a new position as Project Lead for the implementation of the first project on EU’s foreign policy of technology at the European University Institute (EUI) in Florence since February 2024, a project jointly funded by the European External Action Service and DG CONNECT. As a former Fulbright Fellow granted by the U.S. State Department, she holds a Master’s in Security Policy, specialized in technology policy, from the Elliott School of International Affairs at the George Washington University.